Orissa Buddhist Destination
Ratnagiri was once the site of a Mahavihara, or major Buddhist monastery, in the Brahmani and Birupa river valley in Jajpur district of Odisha, India. It was part of the Puspagiri University, together with Lalitgiri and Udayagiri. Ratnagiri was established no later than the reign of the Gupta king Narasimha Baladitya in the first half of the sixth century CE, and flourished until the twelfth century CE.
A Tibetan history, the Pag Sam Jon Zang, identifies Ratnagiri as an important centre in the development of the Kalachakratantra in the 10th century CE, an assertion supported by the discovery of a number of votive stupas, plaques, and other artifacts featuring Kalachakra imagery.
Lalitgiri also known as Naltigiri is a Buddhist complex in Odisha comprising major stupas and monasteries (viharas), similar to Ratnagiri and, together with Ratnagiri and Udayagiri, part of Puspagiri University. Numerous excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (A.S.I.) have been conducted since 1985, and continue to this day.
A museum is to be built to display relic caskets thought to contain bones of Gautama Buddha, and other archaeological finds for public display. The site was extensively excavated by the A.S.I. from 1985-92.
The remains of a huge stupa, and relic caskets consisting four containers made of khondalite, steatite, silver and gold were discovered along with other important structure and archaeological remains.
Langudi Hills :
Langudi hill was a prominent Buddhist seat of learning that flourished until the 11th century in India.
This Buddhist archaeological site embellished with series of rock-cut Buddhist stupas and several early medieval Buddhist monuments and shrines. At Langudi hills the ruins of a brick stupa and a large monastery still exist. All in all, the Buddhist remains on the hill indicate that Langudi was a significant centre of the Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana sects of Buddhism.
The most fascinating remains of Kaima is a unique rock-cut elephant that rises abruptly over the lower elevation on the eastern limit of the hill, facing the river Kimiria.
It has been carved out from live rock with excellent and highly naturalistic craftsmanship. The tentative date of the image has been assigned to the Mauryan era, around the 3rd century B.C.